Named or Sponsor-Referred
A Named case is when a group submits a case of a refugee whom they already know and believe would qualify for sponsorship to the Canadian government. The applicants must qualify as a refugee under the same international and Canadian laws as refugees referred to CIC by the UNHCR. These refugees must also attend an interview with a Canadian Visa Officer, which is arranged by the Visa Post responsible for processing applications.
During the interview the Visa Officer will use the IMM6000 package, Application for Convention Refugees Abroad and Humanitarian-Protected Persons Abroad, which was submitted by the SAH to verify the claim of the refugee. As Named cases are not referred by the UNHCR, the information contained in the IMM6000 package is compared to the verbal information provided during the interview to judge if the person applying qualifies as a refugee. People can fit into one of two categories in order to be considered a refugee under Canadian law, Convention Refugee or Country of Asylum Class. If the outcome of the interview is positive the refugee will also undergo an admissibility and adaptability review. Refugees are judged by two types of admissibility, security and criminality. Information on the statutory requirements for admissibility can be found in IRPA sections 34 to 37. If there is a positive outcome to the admissibility the refugee will undergo a medical screening and adaptability review. If the refugee receives positive results in all admissibility, adaptability and medical screenings they will be scheduled to travel to Canada. The sponsors are responsible for providing income support, start-up costs, orientation and all settlement support.
Visa Office-Referred (VOR)
VOR cases are refugees that have been identified by the Canadian Visa Officers overseas for resettlement to Canada. Unlike with Named cases VOR cases are brought to the attention of the Canadian Visa Officers by the UNHCR,
they cannot be referred by sponsors. These cases are part of the regular referrals that the UNHCR provides to Canada for selection of Government Assisted Refugee (GAR) cases and are changed to VOR by Canadian Visa
Officers following their interview based on targets set by CIC. This means that by the time SAHs are made aware of them they have completed interviews, eligibility and usually admissibility requirements and are ready for travel to
Canada. Profiles for these cases are made available for SAHs on CIC’s secure website; the information given is usually basic and does not give many details on the basis for the claim.
Barring unusual complications, including those that are out of the control of the refugee such as civil unrest in the country of asylum or ability for
International Organization for Migration (IOM) to obtain exit permits, VOR cases will usually arrive 4 to 6 weeks after the Acknowledgement of Receipt (AOR) letter is sent by Centralized Processing Office - Winnipeg (CPOW). As with Named cases the sponsoring group is responsible for providing financial, in-kind, and settlement support typically for 12 months from the date of arrival in Canada.
Blended Visa Office Referred (BVOR)
BVOR cases are VOR cases that also receive special benefits from CIC. From 2013 to 2015 CIC has committed to bringing 200-300 cases in 2013, 400-500 in 2014 and 800-1000 in 2015. These cases will be brought to the attention of the Canadian Visa Officers by the UNHCR and cannot be referred by sponsors. The case which will be referred to this program will generally align with previous CIC commitments and UNHCR top populations of concern. Profiles for these cases are made available for SAHs on CIC’s secure website; the information given is usually basic and does not give many details on the basis for the claim. CIC will provide these cases with six months of Resettlement Assistance Program (RAP) income support but not orientation, start-up costs or temporary housing, the sponsors are responsible for providing the last 6 months income support, start-up costs, orientation and all settlement support similar to that given to Named cases.
Joint Assistance Sponsorships (JAS)
JAS cases are joint undertakings by the sponsoring group and CIC to sponsor refugees requiring special assistance to meet their needs and whose admissibility depends upon the additional support of a sponsor. Refugees sponsored under the JAS
program are identified as having special needs that will likely result in a longer or more difficult period of integration. These special needs are listed in IP4, section 1 as physical or mental disabilities which could require treatment in Canada. Examples of these special needs are unusual family configuration such as single-parent families with several young children or families consisting only of siblings, one or more of whom has assumed parental responsibilities; separated minors; elderly persons; or other special needs identified by the visa office under the JAS program.
JAS cases can only be sponsored by SAHs but usually involves CGs that are designated by the SAH to do the day-to-day settlement work. The government provides RAP; which includes orientation, temporary housing, start-up costs and income support, to the refugee while sponsoring groups provide community and emotional support and orientation and ensures access to appropriate services. Generally a JAS case is sponsored for two years from arrival instead of one.